The Open series are paintings made on wood panels set in old frames. These frames have been repurposed to fuse with and contribute to the subjects rather than contain them. The thick unevenly gessoed grounds play against the formality of the frames. The images in turn, deny these confines by extending beyong their borders. The subjects, despite their physical depth, seem to advance, creating movement between object and space, while the the frames appear to recede. Included are a range of subjects, depicted in varying styles. This series renounces beginnings, endings, edge, boundaries, and rules.